Visit the Colosseum in Rome
The Colosseum, called by the ancient Romans “Amphitheatrum Flavium” (Flavian amphitheater), is considered the most famous and impressive monument of ancient Rome and probably the most famous monument in the world. It is completed by the largest amphitheater built in the history of humanity. Symbol of the many glories of the empire, the amphitheater represents over the centuries the pride of the Italian people!
It is located in the heart of the archaeological city of Rome and receives a large number of visitors every day attracted by the charm of its history and its complex architecture. It is impossible not to recognize its grandeur! The name is certainly related to the enormous size of the building, but especially to the fact that in the past, in the vicinity of the Colosseum, there was a colossal bronze statue of Nero.
UNESCO World Heritage
In 1990, the Colosseum, together with the entire historic center of Rome, the extraterritorial area of the Vatican and the Basilica of St. Paul Outside the Walls, was listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site, while in July 2007, the Colosseum was included among the new seven wonders of the world.
It was created on the will of the emperor Vespasian and was completed by his son Titus in 80 AD, the building was designed to be used in fights and gladiatorial games and for simulations of hunting wild and exotic animals. The Flavio Amphitheater has an elliptical shape, with a circumference of 527 meters, the largest axis is 188 meters and the smallest axis of 156 meters and to complete, are 57 meters high.
The first three floors consisted of arches framed by half-columns and the fourth floor had large curtains that served to protect the spectators from the sun. It could accommodate up to 70,000 spectators, some historians mention a higher number, 80,000.
The Colosseum had the function of a gigantic stadium and the favorite shows of the Romans were the Circus games, which were intended to encourage the warrior spirit that made the Romans the owners of the world! It is estimated that in 100 days of inauguration, 9000 animals were killed!
The amphitheater was equipped with 80 vaulted entrances: 76 numbered for the public and 4 directed according to the cardinal points, reserved for the emperor, the political and religious authorities and the protagonists of the spectacles. The monumental entrances to the north and south led to two stages of honor next to the arena, one of which was reserved for the emperor. And finally, during the shows, the audience took its place according to a rigid division based on social class.
According to a legend, the Colosseum represents the entrance that leads directly to the underworld, where, at dusk, the souls of the dead wander in search of the eternal peace that they may never find because they died violently and prematurely.
How to get to the Colosseum in Rome
Address: Piazza del Colosseo, 1, 00184 Roma RM, Italy
Opening hours (from April 26, 2021) 10:30 am – 7:15 pm
Opening hours (from July 9, 2021) 9:30 am – 7:15 pm
Last admission one hour before closing (6:15 pm)
Ticket price: 16 € Reduced by 2,00 EUR for EU members aged 18 to 25.